American Miniature Horse

American Miniature Horse at Wingham Wildlife Park

American Miniature Horse Natural History


Miniature horses are generally less than 38 inches (97 cm) high at the shoulder.

Habitat and Distribution

This is a domesticated breed of horse which is not found in the wild, and as such has no natural distribution. However, they are very popular for performing various work activities and as companions around the world.


Their average lifespan is 30 years. However, the oldest of American miniature horse lived to be over 50 years of age.


Miniature American horses graze on paddock grass and soft leafy hay.

Groups and Breeding

Stallions (males) can breed from 2 years of age and mares (females) should be 3 before they reproduce. The gestation period lasts about 330 days after which a single foal will be born. Foaling can take place at any time in the year. However, foaling season usually takes place from March to June depending on the climate. Foals begin to stand 10-15 minutes after birth and generally wean at around 5-6 months.


This horse does not face any threats as they are bred for captivity usually as pets.

Interesting facts

Even though any horse under 58 inches is technically classed as a pony, miniature horses remain a hot topic of debate because once fully grown, even though smaller than a regular sized horse, retain horse characteristics.

American miniature horses are used successfully as therapy horses to bring joy to people in a variety of situations. They are also found in one of the largest array of colours of any breed of horse ranging from blacks, browns and greys to cremellos or pintaloosas.

The American Miniature Horses During Your Day Out in Kent

At Wingham Wildlife Park our two American miniature horses, Duchess (pinto) and William (brown), can be seen grazing in their paddock behind the dinosaur zoo. They had a foal in September which can also be seen in the paddock with them.