Nile Crocodile

Nile Crocodile at Wingham Wildlife Park

Size
Can grow up to 6m (20ft) long, weighing 500kg (1100Ib).

Habitat and Distribution
The Nile crocodile’s current range of distribution extends from the Senegal River, Lake Chad, Wadai and the Sudan to the Cunene and the Okavango Delta. In Madagascar, crocodiles occur in the western and southern parts.

Age
Lifespan is about 70-100 years.

Diet
Nile crocodiles have a very broad diet including Waterbuck, sitatunga, lechwe, wildebeest, zebra, warthog, goats, sheep & cattle.

Groups and Breeding
During the mating season, males attract females by bellowing, slapping their snouts in the water, blowing water out of their noses and making a variety of other noises.  The female digs a hole a couple of meters from the river bank and up to 20 inches deep, laying between 25-80 eggs.  After burying the eggs, the female will then guard them for the 3 month incubation period.

Threats
The population was severely depleted, and the species faced extinction due to hunting from the 1940s to the 1960s. National laws and international trade regulations have resulted in a resurgence in many areas, and the species as a whole in no longer threatened with extinction.

Interesting Facts
Their jaws are capable of exerting impressive force (5,000 1bf) (22 kN), and their mouths are filled with a total of 64-68 cone-shaped teeth.