Java Sparrow

Java Finch in the tropical house at Wingham Wildlife Park

Size

These Sparrows are around 17cm in length.

Habitat and Distribution

As the name suggests this is an Indonesian bird which can be found in Java, Bali and Bawean. It can usually be found around open grassland and farm land.

Age

On average these animals live for 7 to 9 years.

Diet

These animals will feed on a variety of seeds and grains.

Groups and Breeding

These birds may lay up to 8 eggs in a nest which will usually be in a tree hollow or somewhere on the outside of buildings. Incubation of these eggs starts just after the last one has been laid, with eggs hatching after just 12 to 15 days.

Threats

These animals are considered vulnerable in the wild due to their decreasing wild population. The main cause of this population decline is collection for the pet trade due to their beautiful appearance.

Interesting facts

Java Sparrows were introduced in to the USA where they have breeding groups established in Hawaii. The same was tried in India, however they never managed to establish on the mainland, with breeding populations only emerging in parts of Sri Lanka.